Resources and Livelihoods: Knowledge, Traditions and Practices
This book is about one large village located in the remote hilly forest region in the North-western part of Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh, India. This forest hilly region is namely Talakona and the village name is Ellamandha. The village comprised 44 hamlets inhabited by people belonging to 26 caste groups.The primary concern of this book is to understand livelihoods and how the peasants of the villagers managed resources such as land, water and forest by means of traditional institutions. The main thrust is laid on local traditions, knowledge, practices and institutions the people have developed in course of time in utilizing resources and shaping livelihoods and associated strategies. Most of the studies on livelihoods so far are not holistic in nature and, hence, this book is more comprehensive and holistic understanding of the resources and livelihoods.
The book reports how the livelihoods of people particularly in rural area of Nepal depends on natural resources. The study shows the contribution of watershed management; which is management of complex elements(Water, Land, Forest, and People itself) to sustain their livelihoods. The farming system heavily depends on natural resources. Increase in population and its dependency on land resources has resulted on the degradation of watersheds. Government of Nepal has been implementing various watershed management programs to address the issues. Poverty reduction is worthless without considering the sustainable management of land resources, as the majority of the people depend on these resources. Peoples'' participation is must for sustainable watershed management. Author has explored different aspects of watershed management and tried to find out the contribution of watershed management program to the livelihoods of local people considering sustainable livelihood framework by identifying the criteria and indicators of watershed management activities. The work is quite beneficial to researchers, students, practitioners and policy makers involved in NRM.
Impacts of Sedimentation on Water Resources in Small Earth Dams
Sedimentation is a common problem in small earth dams in Malawi that has led to failure of a good number of small dams over the past years. Much of the problem is due to severe catchment degradation and loss of land cover.It is a real threat if left unchecked timely. Deliberate efforts should be put in place to adopt the integrated approach to natural resources management such as Water Resources. The small earth dams which are negatively impacted by sedimentation are a reliable source for improved livelihoods in rural areas and play a very crucial role collectively for a large population.In order to complement government efforts towards sustainable water resources management, it is necessary to seriously look into sedimentation and silt load.
Bangladesh has large quantity of water resources. The surface water resources comprise water available from flowing rivers and static water bodies as ponds, beels, haors etc. Different project have already working on Water Resources Management and Planning. KJDRP project is one of the largest project of south-west region (Khulna-Jessore) of Bangladesh. This project shows how to proper manage the water resources with increasing water demand. The aim of this paper is to know about water resources, its sources, uses, importance and assess the WRM condition of KJDRP on Jessore Sadar upazila. This paper explains about water sources as river, khal, beel, haor, baor, pond, wetlands, reservoir etc. Water uses in agricultural, domestic, fisheries, livestock etc sectors. Water demand for irrigation, agriculture, hydropower, household and environmental uses is rapidly increasing. This paper highlights about geographical, socio-economical and environmental aspects. The water resources are proper managed to agricultural and fisheries sectors. Water Resources Management is a critical issue due to growing water uses and to promote sustainable development by proper water management in Bangladesh.
CHANGING SCENARIO IN AGRICULTURE AND WATER RESOURCES IN SITHALAPAKKAM
Water is required for a whole range of domestic, productive,environmental and uses and reliable access to good quality water is vital to the livelihoods of people.In this study,an attempt is made a)to assess the status of agriculture and water resources in the village with that of earlier years b)to assess the livelihood impact of water marketing for urban usage on the local communities.The questionnaire survey was conducted in the village to find out the reasons for the declining agricultural trend.From the questionnaire survey conducted with the water sellers,the motivation of sale and profitability of sale was found.Analyses were made to know the suitability of both drinking and irrigation water. The water resources is declining day by day in terms of water level and also deteriorating in quality. The reasons attributed for the quality deterioration was indiscriminate pumping for sale of drinking water to city in the form of over-extraction and improper drainage system.Both positive and negative impacts are found by groundwater sale.The results show that the profitability of groundwater sale is more than cultivation.
Land and Natural Resources Access in Post Conflict Sub Sahara Africa
Land and natural resources are the foundation for economic development and sustainability of any society, land holds political and social importance. Access to land and natural resources is crucial to people’s livelihoods, despite their economical, political and social status. Apart from sharing experiences in local mediation procedures, importance of human land attachment in mediation and arbitration is well described. This book is a useful reading material to people interest with land and land resources management in post conflicts areas, livelihood experts and law practitioners.
Access, Use and Management of Water Resources by Rural Communities
Water has been viewed as the most valuable of Zimbabwe''s natural resources. The development of Zimbabwe and its capacity to support an increasing population are strictly limited by water availability and the extent to which water can be exploited and controlled. Using a case study of Chishawasha Settlement Area, this book examines access, use and management of water resources in Zimbabwe within the context of Church Administration. The study further explores strategies used to gain access and levels at which conflict arises in accessing and utilizing water resources. Management of water resources is also investigated with the role played by women and the Church being central. A comparative analysis of the “quasi-private” and communal tenure system highlights that the concept of tenure in Chishawasha is problematic and influences access and management of water, also leading to conflicts. Also of importance is allocation and development of water resources. Women are at the center of Water Resources Management as they dominate structures relating to water management and are also key to the collection of water.
Water demand is increasing with a growth of irrigated agriculture, industries and population. Hence, the information on spatial and temporal availability of water would be helpful for the optimal utilization and sustainability of this resource. Seasonal and spatial pattern of water availability was computed based on the water balance to facilitate better management of available water resource. Water is among the most precious of natural resources, the indiscriminate and some times excessive use of ground water has led to questions regarding its sustainability. This book, therefore, provides a systematic way of investigating surface water and groundwater resources to suggest environmentally sound plan for optimum utilization of these resources. The methods of analysis utilized in the book would be helpful for water resources professionals, agriculturalists, hydrologist and environmentalist.
Active faults mechanism impacts on water resources in different way and creates many natural and geological phenomenon's that. This cases is called A, and active faults finding is possible by determination of natural and geological phenomenon that created by its influences on water resources. This cases, is called B and Process of A and B suggested reversible reaction , that means where evidence and data is less for active faults distinguishing, it may be use the residue of its effect on water resources (natural and geological phenomenon of water resources) for active faults type and it's mechanism determination. This research aim is inspection of the faults that influences water resources in the Lar region in northeast of Tehran, Capital of Iran.
Water Resources Management In Kanyakumari District (1956-2006)
Water Resources Management is a system that has been evolved ever since the beginning of the human history. It is essential to have a well designed and fine structured mechanism of water resources management to bring out perfect management of the precious gift of nature. Perfect management of water resources avoids scarcity and leads to development. Kanyakumari District is one of the pioneers in this regard. The district has got one of the oldest systems of Water Resources Management in the sub-continent. The system adopted in the district is a peculiar one and entirely different from other districts. This is a historical study which investigates the systematic management of available water resources, executional difficulties, praiseworthy merits and hindering challenges of the Water Resources Management in the Kanyakumari District. This book helps the reader understand basic ideas on water resources management, historical background of Kanyakumari District and management of water resources in the district through interaction of innovative interpretations with proper analysis. This is a comprehensive reference book for students and interested readers.
Natural Resource Management For Sustainable Livelihoods In Rayalaseema
Natural Resources are like Air, water and land are degrading due to developmental activities. Development activities are measured in terms of National Products, which in turn are defined as production of goods and services during the accounting period. However, certain Environmental function, which are crucial for economic performance and generation of human welfare such as provision of Natural Resources to production and consumption activities like waste absorption by Environmental media and Environmental services of life support and other human amenities are taken into account only partly in conventional accounts. The scarcities of natural Resources now threaten the sustained productivity of the economy and economic production and consumption activities. These activities impair environmental quality by over loading natural sinks with wastes and pollutants.It must be emphasized that environment protection is not costless. The best can be done by enforcing the “Polluter Pay Principle”. Efficient use of natural resources of land, water, energy, forests, livestock, human resources and biological resources is important for the survival of humanity for sustainability.
James Sipes L. Sustainable Solutions for Water Resources. Policies, Planning, Design, and Implementation
Get the single-source solutions guide to the sustainable management of water resources. Why is water the environmental issue? The answer is simple: without it, life on this planet could not exist. Yet, despite this fact, reckless consumption practices from a growing population are drying up the Earth's already limited water resources. Other factors, such as river and lake contamination, rising temperatures, and disproportionate geographic accessibility further contribute to the fresh water crisis. To confront this pressing concern, this enlightening guide, which covers over twenty case studies offering insights into real-world projects, uses a holistic, integrated approach to illustrate ways to preserve vital water supplies – from green design remedies to encouraging greater personal responsibility. This book: Provides a basic overview of water resources, hydrology, current problems involving water resources, and the potential impact of global warming and climate change. Covers watershed planning, Best Management Practices, and potential design and planning solutions. Offers a concise overview of the issues affecting water use and management. Includes a full chapter dedicated to planning issues, and a full chapter covering site planning, design, and implementation. Sustainable Solutions for Water Resources takes a practical approach to head off a global water catastrophe by offering sensible measures that can be put in place immediately to promote a clean, plentiful flow of the Earth's most precious resource.
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